There are different types of water treatment systems, and knowing the difference between them can help you make an informed decision on just what type of treatment you’ll need for your water. There is no best water treatment system that will meet everyone’s needs—each system has its benefits and deficiencies. Here are a few of the most common types of water treatment systems.
Water Treatment Systems for Drinking Water
There are water treatment systems that will only make water potable without doing much more for the quality of the water. Sediment Filtration will get rid of suspended particles in the water and improve the overall appearance of the water, but it’s the lowest on the water treatment systems’ totem pole.
Carbon filtration will not only rid your water of suspended particles, it will also improve the overall taste, odor, and transparency of the drinking water. Carbon filtration utilizes carbon to absorb various chemicals floating in the water. But, while the carbon does removal certain organic contaminants, carbon doesn’t remove mineral salts that have completely dissolved in the water.
To remove dissolved mineral salts from water, you can use the reverse osmosis water treatment system. This process uses a holding tank, your household’s pressure, a sediment filter, a semi-permeable membrane, and a carbon filter to remove most minerals and chemicals. This leaves your water pure, odorless, and clear with a superior, quality taste.
Yet another water treatment system is distillation. With this system, the water is evaporated and condensed back into liquid form elsewhere, leaving behind all impurities in the water. Distilled water has various uses, but you should not drink distilled water exclusively for a long period of time. Consult your water quality improvement professional or physician to discuss how much distilled water is safe to drink.
When you have “hard” water—water that has excessive minerals and gaseous and bacterial impurities—it can be “softened” by using various detergents, chemicals, and other compounds. While water softening can often be expensive, the negative effects of hard water has on pipes, tubing, appliances, and even clothing may justify the expense. The most affordable method to “soften” water is by using an ion exchange softening system. Aside from its affordability, this water treatment system allows the consumer to utilize more natural types of cleaning products due to the water’s softness, saving the consumer even more money in the long run.
How to Choose the Right Water Treatment System
There are other types of water treatment systems that are commonly used to treat bottled water, such as ozonation and ultraviolet sterilization; however, there is no fixed standard used to treat bottled water. Some bottled water companies use carbon filtration, others use reverse osmosis, and still, others may not treat the water at all. The water treatment system used usually depends on the quality of the source water and the type of taste the bottled water company is trying to achieve.
Much like bottled water companies, each consumer will have to decide for themselves what type of water treatment system they’ll use on their water. Each consumer will have a taste preference—some like the mineral taste of water, while others want a clean, crisp taste—and some will decide based on the water’s utility—soft water decreases wear on pipes, tubing, appliances, and clothing and allows for the use of more natural cleaning products. Each consumer will have to make his or her own choice, but knowing the difference between the different water treatment systems helps tremendously.